Brachycephaly in dogs - a special structure of the cranium, in which animals have a shortened and flattened muzzle. Such dogs are very cute in appearancetherefore, they are very popular. For example, Brachycephalics include: Pugs, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, Japanese Chins, Boston Terriers, Brussels Griffons, German Boxers, French and English Bulldogs
However, these flat-faced beauties, unfortunately, can have serious health problems.
For example, chronic irritation of the cornea and a predisposition to dislocation of the eyeball.
Until recently, the British and American Kennel Club standards made a common characteristic for the eyes: "very large, expressive and protruding", which led to the above diseases. But now, after doing a lot of research, the English Kennel Club (UK - the author of the generally accepted standard for pug breed) has removed the criterion "very large, spherical" and added "never bulging, oversized". At the same time, in the American standard, unfortunately, the previous criteria that contribute to such a pathology have remained.
When buying a pug, it is very useful to take into account the requirements of the breed standard, modern trends in breeding.